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South African Dental Journal

On-line version ISSN 0375-1562
Print version ISSN 0011-8516


MALELE KOLISA, Y  and  VAN WYK, PJ. Cross-cultural adaptation of the Paediatric Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (POQL) tool in South Africa - a pilot project. S. Afr. dent. j. [online]. 2020, vol.75, n.1, pp.29-36. ISSN 0375-1562.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To translate and adapt a paediatric oral health-related quality of life (POQL) questionnaire into the South African languages of Sepedi, IsiZulu and Afrikaans. METHODS: The POQL-version: Parent-Report-on-child was translated twice into local languages. Translated-versions were revised and back translated into English by the different language-experts. A pre-final draft South African-version of POQL was tested on parents at the Pretoria Oral & Dental Hospital (n = 94). Impact-scores were calculated, chi-squared and t-tests were used to determine construct validity. Principal component analysis was used to determine structural validity. RESULTS: Responses were recorded in a 5-Likert-type scaling but could not be replicated in the manner of the original-tool. Seventy percent of responding parents were female and 53% were employed with significant differences between male (62%) and female (38%), (p<0.05). The male-parents were significantly older (40-yrs. vs. 35-yrs.; p<0.05). Most (61%) children had consulted the hospital for 'nonemergency' care. Internal consistency in the pre-final version was good with a Cronbach α-score of 0.91. Component analysis of the pre-final SA-tool, produced multiple different dimensions when compared with the 4-dimensions of the original tool in the American setting. CONCLUSIONS: The piloted pre-final SA version displayed good internal consistency yet had weaknesses with content, structural and construct validity.

Keywords : Dental health; children oral health; oral health-related quality of life; socio-dental indicators.

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