SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.76 número2Teething symptoms and management during infancy - A narrative review índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados



Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google


South African Dental Journal

versão On-line ISSN 0375-1562
versão impressa ISSN 0011-8516


REDDY, MS et al. Botox in periodontics - Exploring new avenues. S. Afr. dent. j. [online]. 2021, vol.76, n.2, pp.78-83. ISSN 0375-1562.

From a periodontal point of view, various factors contribute to facial aesthetics. In the recent past, studies have revealed that excessive gingival display is a factor that influences an individual' smile line. Some literature exists to support that more than excessive gingival display of more than 3mm is considered unaesthetic and termed a 'gummy smile' (GS). The prevalence of gummy smile' has been 10% and to be more common in females. Gingival hyperplasia altered passive eruption, vertical maxillary excess, and upper-lip hypermobility can all result in excessive gingival display when a patient smile. To select the correct treatment protocol, accurate diagnosis is essential. Various techniques have used to treat gummy smile which includes surgical and non-surgical methods. Recently nonsurgical method using Botulinum toxin gained polarity considering that the method is minimally invasive.

Palavras-chave : Botulinum toxin; gummy smile; bruxism; dental implants; masseteric Hypertrophy.

        · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons