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Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae

versión On-line ISSN 2412-4265
versión impresa ISSN 1017-0499


KGATLA, S.T.. Clergy's resistance to Venda Homeland's independence in the 1970s and 1980s. Studia Hist. Ecc. [online]. 2016, vol.42, n.3, pp.121-141. ISSN 2412-4265.

The article discusses the clergy's role in the struggle against Venda's "independence" in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as resistance to the apartheid policy of "separate development" for Venda. It also explores the policy of indirect white rule through the replacement of real community leaders with incompetent, easily manipulated traditional chiefs. The imposition of the system triggered resistance among the youth and the churches, which led to bloody reprisals by the authorities. Countless were detained under apartheid laws permitting detention without trial for 90 days. Many died in detention, but those responsible were acquitted by the courts of law in the Homeland. The article highlights the contributions of the Black Consciousness Movement, the Black People Conversion Movement, and the Student Christian Movement. The Venda student uprising was second in magnitude only to the Soweto uprising of 16 June 1976. The torture of ministers in detention and the response by church leaders locally and internationally, are discussed. The authorities attempted to divide the Lutheran Church and nationalise the Lutherans in Venda, but this move was thwarted. Venda was officially re-incorporated into South Africa on 27 April 1994.

Palabras clave : Independence; resistance; churches; struggle; Venda Homeland.

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