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Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae

versión On-line ISSN 2412-4265
versión impresa ISSN 1017-0499


LEPHAKGA, Tshepo. APLA and the Amnesty Committee of the TRC? An ethical analysis of the Amnesty Committee of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa. Studia Hist. Ecc. [online]. 2018, vol.44, n.1, pp.1-19. ISSN 2412-4265.

This article examines the role of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) of South Africa, led by Archbishop Desmond Tutu. It focuses on the amnesty committee and challenges regarding amnesty applications of members and supporters of the Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA), an armed wing of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC). These complications emanated from policies and politics of the mother-body (PAC) and APLA, which made it difficult to distinguish between acts with a political objective committed by bona fide APLA members and purely criminal acts committed for personal gain. Such policies were expressed in: 1) The APLA slogan "One Settler, One Bullet"; and 2) The policy regarding "Repossession of property" by Azanians. The position of APLA needs to be understood against the fundamental politics of the PAC that the presence of white settlers in South Africa (occupied Azania) is an act of occupation, dispossession and colonisation. Thus, all white people in South Africa are regarded as settlers and targets for APLA. This position contends that, as a result of the settler status of all white people in South Africa, everything that they purportedly own belongs to Azanians and must be repossessed. Another complication-according to the TRC-was for some applicants to meet at least one of the requirements for amnesty, since any incident committed had to constitute an act associated with a political objective. Other challenges were lack of documentation to prove membership of APLA, and the autonomy or independence of the mother body (PAC) and its armed wing (APLA).

Palabras clave : Truth and Reconciliation Committee (TRC); Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA); Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC); amnesty; Azania; negotiaitons; impunity; gross human rights violations; perpetrator; victim; justice.

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