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Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

On-line version ISSN 2413-3051
Print version ISSN 1021-447X


COETZEE, Rigardt Alfred Maarten; MWESIGYE, Aggrey  and  HUAN, Zhongjie. Optimal slope angle selection of an evacuated tube collector for domestic solar water heating. J. energy South. Afr. [online]. 2017, vol.28, n.1, pp.104-119. ISSN 2413-3051.

A pressurised system utilising evacuated tube collectors with internal heat pipes was investigated for the production of hot service-water for domestic use during all seasons in Pretoria, South Africa. The investigation focused on the prediction of seasonal hourly performance trends and the maximum thermal performance at the optimal slope angle. This study was accomplished by developing the system's theoretical performance model which was solved numerically using Engineering Equation Solver. Results show the thermal performance of the system during the sequential seasons at different slope angles. Optimal performance parameters that influence the collector overall performance, depending on the water consumption of the occupants, were obtained and presented. In summer, a 25° slope angle produced the highest useful heat rate and in winter, a slope angle of 40 produced the highest. Lastly, a 20-tube collector system operated maximally in September, reaching an outlet temperature of 103.98 °C and yielding a useful heat rate of 1 919.85 W .

Keywords : solar thermal; simple system model; dual tank system; heat pipes; slope angle.

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