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SA Journal of Radiology

versão On-line ISSN 2078-6778
versão impressa ISSN 1027-202X


MISSER, Shalendra K.  e  ARCHARY, Moherndran. Mimickers of hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury in term neonates: What the radiologist should know. S. Afr. J. radiol. (Online) [online]. 2024, vol.28, n.1, pp.1-14. ISSN 2078-6778.

Patterns of neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury (HIBI) are fairly well known. There are, however, other diagnoses with imaging patterns that may mimic HIBI. A review of MRI studies was conducted for children with suspected cerebral palsy, correlated with prior imaging, clinical details and laboratory tests where available. In the 63 identified cases, imaging features were, in many cases, very similar to the known patterns of HIBI. The alternative diagnoses can be classified as developmental, vascular, chromosomal, infections, metabolic disorders, and congenital syndromes. These findings are described in this pictorial essay. The potential mimickers of HIBI described in this essay can demonstrate similar imaging appearances to HIBI. CONTRIBUTION: There are multiple possible causes of neonatal encephalopathy other than hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Many conditions may mimic HIBI, each of which can be associated with significant morbidity. It is prudent for the reporting radiologist to be aware of these alternate clinico-radiological diagnoses.

Palavras-chave : hypoxic-ischaemic; cerebral palsy; term neonatal; magnetic resonance imaging; neurometabolic.

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