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SA Journal of Radiology

versão On-line ISSN 2078-6778
versão impressa ISSN 1027-202X


CHAANE, Nthabiseng; KUEHNAST, Marianne  e  RUBIN, Grace. An audit of breast cancer in patients 40 years and younger in two Johannesburg academic hospitals. S. Afr. J. radiol. (Online) [online]. 2024, vol.28, n.1, pp.1-7. ISSN 2078-6778.

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in females, usually diagnosed after the age of 50 years. There is a perceived increase in breast cancer cases in young women in two public sector Johannesburg academic hospitals; however, there is a shortage of data to confirm this. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess data on breast cancer in young patients and determine any increase in the number of cases in patients 40 years and younger. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of radiology and histopathology reports of patients 40 years and younger, seen at the radiology departments of two Johannesburg academic hospitals, was performed over a 5-year period. The frequency, histology and immunohistochemical results of breast cancer diagnoses were determined in patients with a Breast Imaging - Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) classification of 4 or above. RESULTS: Breast cancer was diagnosed in 73% of the total eligible 469 patients. The mean patient age was 34.35 years. Invasive ductal carcinoma was diagnosed in 83% (n = 283) of patients classified as BI-RADS 5 on imaging. Luminal A and B subtypes were the most common. The highest number of patients (n = 142) were seen in 2016 of which 92 had breast cancer. CONCLUSION: In this very specific sample set, there was a lower number of breast cancer diagnoses in 2015 and then an increase of breast cancer diagnoses in young patients from 2016 to 2018. CONTRIBUTION: Earlier breast cancer detection benefits the patient, their families and their reproductive ability. Knowledge of breast cancers in young patients can increase awareness, leading to effective, early diagnoses.

Palavras-chave : breast cancer; age; 40 years; young cancer; Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital; Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital.

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