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Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics Plus (SPiL Plus)

On-line version ISSN 2224-3380
Print version ISSN 1726-541X


GOUWS, Rufus H.. 'n Verbeterde leksikografiese dataverspreiding- en inligtings onttrekkingstruktuur / An improved lexicographic data distribution and information extraction structure. SPiL plus (Online) [online]. 2021, vol.61, pp.1-16. ISSN 2224-3380.

The dynamics in lexicography compel lexicographers to constantly be aware of the changes that need to be made in their dictionaries. These changes are on the level of the contents of dictionaries, lexicographic functions as well as dictionary structures. The target user group of every dictionary, their lexicographic needs and their reference skills should always be taken into account. In this article various aspects of lexicographic processes are discussed, with specific reference to adaptations in data distribution structures, the expansion of search venues and the transfer from dictionaries as push mediums to dictionaries as pull mediums. For printed dictionaries the use of a semi-integrated microstructure is proposed in order to ensure a better distinction in the presentation of example sentences and collocations. For online dictionaries the proposal is made to introduce a comprehensive search universe as well as a data-pulling structure. Such a structure offers dictionary users the opportunity to access the internet as well as the dictionary corpus from within a given dictionary. Dictionaries are transformed from destination sources to transfer sources. This offers users, including language practitioners, many more possibilities to find in the dictionary-external sources, besides the data in dictionaries, including cotextual data, also other data and especially occurrences of natural language use.

Keywords : data-pulling structure; collocations; information retrieval; items giving the co-text; language practitioner; microstructure; dictionary functions.

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