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South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

On-line version ISSN 2305-8862
Print version ISSN 0038-2329


MOODLEY, TR; MAHARAJ, NR  and  MOODLEY, J. The association of fetal macrosomia and neonatal hypoglycaemia. SAJOG [online]. 2023, vol.29, n.1, pp.1-4. ISSN 2305-8862.

BACKGROUND: The clinical management of fetal macrosomia in pregnant women poses a challenge for obstetricians globally. This has become increasingly important in recent times due to the rising incidence of this condition and its associated risks to both the mother and infant, including birth injuries and neonatal hypoglycaemia. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between neonatal hypoglycaemia and fetal macrosomia in a cohort of South African black non-diabetic women. METHODS: This retrospective study analysed the clinical outcomes of 415 macrosomic babies born to non-diabetic women between 2015 and 2016 at a regional hospital in Durban, South Africa. RESULTS: Of the 415 macrosomic babies, 52 had hypoglycaemia (<2.6 mmol/L). The prevalence rate of neonatal hypoglycaemia was therefore 12.53%. CONCLUSION: Neonatal hypoglycaemia is a common complication in babies with macrosomia born to black non-diabetic South African pregnant women.

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