SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.82Brownfield development is the new green for sustainable mine-dump redevelopmentA futures study into identifying the driving forces in neighbourhood-based management, using good urban governance: The case of Region 2 in Tabriz, Iran author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Town and Regional Planning

On-line version ISSN 2415-0495
Print version ISSN 1012-280X


OMOLLO, Wilfred. Conformity to zoned urban green spaces in physical development plans: A spatiotemporal analysis of Kisii Town, Kenya. Town reg. plan. (Online) [online]. 2023, vol.82, pp.62-80. ISSN 2415-0495.

Although evidence assessing the provision of urban green spaces (UGS) corroborates their decline, they have, however, not evaluated conformity to zoned UGS in physical development plans (PDPs). To fill the gap, this article examines conformity to zoned UGS in PDPs. It also investigates the drivers of the observed non-conformities. Anchored in the theory of regulatory compliance, the study was undertaken in Kisii Town, Kenya, as a case study of the zoned UGS in the Kisii Town Physical Development Plan (KTPDP). The population comprised a list of 367 developers occupying the zoned UGS, out of which a sample of 186 was randomly selected. Spatial and descriptive data were respectively collected using satellite images and questionnaires. The analysis relied on GIS, descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that 75 hectares (ha) of zoned UGS declined by 52% between 2005 and 2022, resulting in a low per capita UGS of 1.95 m2 against the recommended 9 m2. These changes were caused by developing without permits, the County Government of Kisii (CGOK) granting permits to non-applicants, as well as approving developments without the mandatory change or extension of use, insufficient monitoring of developments, laxity in enforcing zoning regulations, and uncertainty in the engagement of registered architects during the development control process. Recommendations are made for a revised physical development plan covering the entire town to provide adequate UGS, ensuring that building plans are submitted by authorised professionals and regular surveillance audits to deter unauthorised developments. The article concludes that, in the absence of effective development control, UGS in Kisii Town will further decline, resulting in the residents not enjoying their acknowledged benefits.

Keywords : Development control; Kisii Town; Kenya; regulation compliance; physical development plan; urban green space; zoning.

        · abstract in Afrikaans | Other     · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License