SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.45 issue1 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Tydskrif vir Letterkunde

On-line version ISSN 2309-9070
Print version ISSN 0041-476X

Tydskr. letterkd. vol.45 n.1 Pretoria Jan. 2008


Selected Sufi texts of Shaykh Yusuf: Translations and commentaries



Mustapha KeraanI; Muhammed HaronII

IMustapha Keraan is associated with the Department of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa
IIMuhammed Haron teaches at the University of Botswana, Gaborone and is associated with the Centre for Contemporary Islam, University of Cape Town, South Africa. E-mail:




Shaykh Yusuf Al-Khalwati Al-Maqassari has made his mark in Southeast Asia as a heroic figure who fought valiantly against the Dutch. However, it was his position as a Sufi shaykh that catapulted him into prominence. Before and during his period of exile, the shaykh wrote a number of important texts on tosowwuf (Sufism) that have circulated among and influenced many of his companions and students. In this article we have translated three short treatises that had been attributed to him. Although none of them was written whilst he was in exile at the Cape of Good Hope between the time of his arrival there in1694 and the time of his death in 1699, he was able to disseminate its contents to members of the nascent Cape Muslim community who had come into contact with him.

Key words: Shaykh Yusuf, Sufi Literature, Islam in South Africa, Melayu Archipelago



Full text available only in PDF format.



Works cited

Adullah, M. S. 1993. Syekh Yusuf Tajul Khalwati. Dewan Budaya 15: 50-53.         [ Links ]

Abdul-Baqi. 1981. Al-Mujam al-Mufahras li al-fath al-Qur'an al-Karim. Cairo: darul Kutub.         [ Links ]

Abu Hamid. 1994a. Shaykh Yusuf - Seorang Ulama, Sufi dan Pejuang. Jakarata Yayasan Obor.         [ Links ]

_____. 1994b. Syekh Yusuf Makassar-'Alim, Sufi, Author & Hero. Unpublished Tercentenary of Shaykh Yusuf Paper. Cape Town, Jakarta.         [ Links ]

Al-Attas, Sayyid Naguib M. 1986. A Commentary on the hujjat as-Siddiq of Nur-ud-Din ar-Raniri. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Culture.         [ Links ]

Al-Ajluni, I. M. n. d. Kashf al-Ghaffar wa Muzil al-Ilbas. Beirut.         [ Links ]

Al-Ghazali, A. H. M. 1983. Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship. Trans. Mukhtar Holland. Leicester: Islamic Foundation.         [ Links ]

Al-Khalwati, Yusuf. 1990. [1684?] Zubdat al-Asrar. (Department of Islamic Studies Research Series no. 3). Trans. Suleman. E. Dangor. Durban: University of Durban-Westville.

Azyumardi, Azra. 2005. Shaykh Yusuf: His Role in Indonesia and South Africa. Unpublished Seminar Paper on "Slavery and Political-Exile". 23 March, Cape Town: The Iziko Museum.         [ Links ]

_____. 2006. The Origins of Islamic Reformism in Southeast Asia: Networks of Malay-Inodnesian and Middle Eastern 'Ulama in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Leiden: KITLV        [ Links ]

Dangor, S. 1994. In the Footsteps of the Companions: Shaykh Yusuf of Macassar (1626-1699). In Y. da Costa & A. Davids (eds.). Pages from Cape Muslim History. Pietermaritzburg: Shuter & Shooter (Pty) Ltd, 19-46.         [ Links ]

De Jong, Frederick. 1987. Mustafa Kamal al-Bakri (1688-1749): Revival and reform of the Khalwatiyya tradition. In N. Levitzion & J. O. Voll (eds. ). 18th century Renewal and Reform in Islam. New York: Syracuse University Press, 117-132        [ Links ]

Greyling, Chris. 1980. Schech Yusuf, the Founder of Islam in South Africa. Religion in South Africa 1: 9-21.         [ Links ]

Hadrawy, S. A. 1971. The Rise of Islam in East Indonesia and South Celebes. Jakarta.         [ Links ]

Holy Qur'an. 1986. Trans. Yusuf Ali. Qatar.         [ Links ]

Ibn Ata Allah. 1984. Sufi Aphorisms. Trans. V Danner. Leiden: E. J. Brill.         [ Links ]

Haron, Muhammed. 2005. Dawah Movements and Sufi Tariqahs: Competing for Spiritual Spaces in Contemporary South(ern) Africa. Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs. 25(2): 261-286.         [ Links ]

Hatim, Basil & Ian Mason. 1994. Discourse and the Translator. London: Longman.         [ Links ]

Jilani, Muhyiuddin Abdul-Qadir. 1991 The Endowment of Divine Graces and the spread of Divine Merc. Trans. Muhammad Al- Kili. Philadelphia: Pearl Publishing House.         [ Links ]

_____. 1992. The Secret of Secrets. Trans. Shaykh Tosun Bayrak Al-Jerrahi al-Halveti. London: The Islamic Texts Society.         [ Links ]

Keddie, I. R. 1972. Scholars, Saints and Sufis. California: UCLA.         [ Links ]

Lane, Edward, 1984. Arabic-English Lexicon. Cambridge: Islamic Text Society.         [ Links ]

Larson, Mildred. 1998. [1990]. Meaning-Based Translation: A Cross-Language Equivalence. New York: University Press of America.

Lings, Martin A. 1993. Sufi Saint of the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.         [ Links ]

Lubis, Nabila. 1996. Syekh Yusuf Al-Taj Al-Makasari: Menyingkap Intisari Segala Rahasia. Jakarta: Penerbit Mizan.         [ Links ]

_____. 2005. Shaykh Yusuf in South Africa. Unpublished Seminar Paper on "Slavery and Political-Exile" 23 March, Cape Town: The Iziko Museum.         [ Links ]

Norris, H. T. A. 1989. La Recherche de Sidi Mahmud al-Baghdadi. Islam et Societes au Sud du Sahara 3: 128-158.         [ Links ]

Pedersen, Johannes. 1984. The Arabic Book. Trans. Geoffrey French. Princeton: Princeton University Press.         [ Links ]

Riddel, Peter. 2001. Islam and the Malay-Indonesian World: Transmission and Responses. London: Hurst & Co.         [ Links ]

Saghawi, M. A. n. d. Maqasid al Hassanah. Cairo.         [ Links ]

Suyuti, Jalal ud-Din. n. d. Al-Jami ' As-Saghir. Cairo.         [ Links ]

Trimingham, J. S. 1973. Sufi Orders in Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Van Bruinessen, M. 1990. The Origins and the Development of the Naqsbandiyyah Order in Indonesia. Der Islam 67: 150-179.         [ Links ]

Von Kleist, E. P 1986. Ein Indonesischer Muslim des 17 Jahrhuderts in Sudafrika zwei sendscreiben des scheichs Yusuf Makassar. Unpublished M. A. thesis. Albert-Ludwig University.         [ Links ]

Weir, Hans A. 1976. [1961]. Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. J. M. Cowan (ed.). Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz & Spoken Languages Services, Inc.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License