SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.34 suppl.1 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae

On-line version ISSN 2412-4265
Print version ISSN 1017-0499

Studia Hist. Ecc. vol.34  suppl.1 Pretoria Apr. 2008


The marginalisation of women in the African Initiated Churches in South Africa, 1882 to 2006



Victor Molobi

Research Institute for Theology and Religion, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa




This article contributes to the continuing debate on gender equity in the African Initiated Churches (AICs) and their leadership, emphasising the united stand taken by women of the Zionist and Apostolic wings of the AICs. The marginalisation of women and patriarchy in the AICs is thus examined from the Zionist and Apostolic perspective. Women in the AICs have initiated and established their own churches, which has established a foundation from which to interrogate male dominance in the Church and seek better approaches that accommodate women. Contributions from men are welcomed, provided these are made in support of women.



“Full text available only in PDF format”




Daneel, M L 1999. African Earth keepers. Vol. 2: Environmental mission and liberation in Christian perspective. Pretoria: University of South Africa Press.         [ Links ]

Daneel, M L 2001. African Christian outreach. Vol. 1: The African Initiated Churches. Pretoria: Southern African Missiological Society.         [ Links ]

Elphick, R H & Davenport, T R H (eds.) 1997. Christiantty nn South Africa: A political social, and cultural history. Cape Town: David Philip.         [ Links ]

Gerhart, GM & Karis T 1977. From protest to challenge: A documentary history of African politics in South Africa 1882-1964. California: Stanford University-Hoover Institution Press.         [ Links ]

Kadzandira et al 2002. Tangled web: Voices of the poor from many lands. London: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Khumalo, S R 2003. From deserts to forests. Pretoria: CB Powell Bible Centre, University of South Africa.         [ Links ]

Landman, C & Molobi, V 2003. Black women's life stories as sources for teaching Church History. Studiae Historiae Ecclesiasticae XXVIX(1), 247-265.         [ Links ]

Landman, C 2006. Christina Nku and St John's: A Hundred Years later. Studiae Historiae Ecclesiasticae XXXII(3), 1-32.         [ Links ]

Lawson, M 1999. From deserts to forests: Research! in distance education. Pretoria: CB Powell Bible Centre, University of South Africa.         [ Links ]

Mabuza, C 2006. Incwala sacred ceremony as a challenge to mission. Pretoria: University of South Africa Press.         [ Links ]

Melo, M 2002. Gains and tosses in the Favetos: Voices of the poor from many tonds. London: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Masenya, M J 1996. Proverbs 31:10-31 in a South African context: A bosadi (womanhood) perspective. PhD thesis: University of South Africa.         [ Links ]

Moila, P M 2002. Challenging issues in African Christianity. Pretoria: CB Powell Bible Centre, University of South Africa.         [ Links ]

Molobi, V C 2006. The AICs and theological training: With special reference to the St John's Apostolic Faith Mission of MaNku. Studiae Historiae EcclesiasticaeXXXII(3), 33-52.         [ Links ]

Moser C 1993 Gender planning and development: Theory, practice and training. London: Routledge.         [ Links ]

Narayan, D & Petesch P (eds.) 2002. Voices of the poor from many lands. London: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Paas, S 2006. The faith moves south: A history of the churches in Africa. Malawi: Kachre Books.         [ Links ]

Paton, D M (ed.) 1976. Breaking barriers: Nairobi, 1975. The official report of the 5th Assembly of the WCC, 23 November-10 December 1975. London: SPCK; Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans.         [ Links ]

Pretorius H & Jafta L 1997. African Initiated Churches: Christianity in South Africa - a political, social, and cultural history. Cape Town: David Philip.         [ Links ]

Ramodibe, D 1996. Women and men building together the church in Africa, in Fabella, V & Oduyeye, M (eds.), With passion and compassion: Third World women doing theology. Maryknoll: Orbis.         [ Links ]

Ruether, R R 1999. Ecofeminism: Domination, healing and world-views, in United Nations Environment Programme, Cultural and Spiritual values of biodiversity: A complementary contribution to the Global biodiversity assessment. London: Intermediate Technology Publications.         [ Links ]

Sundkler, B 1961. Bantu prophets in South Africa. London: Oxford University Press.         [ Links ]

Walker C 1982. Women and resistance in Southi Africa. London: Onyx Press.         [ Links ]

Wasike, A N 2000. Domestic violence against women: A cry for life in wholeness, in Waruta, Douglas W & Kinoti, Hannah W, Pastoral care in African Christianity, 120-136. Nairobi: Acton.         [ Links ]

West, M 1975. Bishops and prophecy in a black city. Cape Town: David Philip.         [ Links ]


For the purposes of this article, reference is made to the following three interviews only:        [ Links ]

Advocate Molly Malete of the United Reformed Church, Atteridgeville. 2008.         [ Links ]

Statement to author, 13 January.         [ Links ]

Prophetess Dlamini of the Messengers Apostolic Church in Zion, Atteridgeville. 1994. Statement to author, 2 October.         [ Links ]

Prophetess Maeko of the Saint Mathew Morning Star Church, Mamelodi. 1994. Statement to author, 30 November.         [ Links ]

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License