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SA Orthopaedic Journal

On-line version ISSN 2309-8309
Print version ISSN 1681-150X

SA orthop. j. vol.8 n.4 Centurion Jan. 2009




Low-secretory multiple myeloma



HF VisserI; A VisserII; JM NelI; V MoodleyIII; A SwartIV; R PoolV

IMBChB(Pret); Senior Registrar, Department Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pretoria
IIMBChB(Pret); Senior Registrar, Department Clinical Pathology, University of Pretoria, National Health Laboratory Service TAD
IIIMBChB(UCT), MMed(Haemat); Consultant, Department Haematology, University of Pretoria, National Health Laboratory Service TAD
IVMBChB(Pret), MPraxMed, MMed Path(Haem); Consultant, Department Haematology, University of Pretoria, National Health Laboratory Service TAD
VMBChB(Pret), MMed(Haemat); Head: Department of Haematology, University of Pretoria, National Health Laboratory Service TAD




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1. Jiang P, et al. B-Lymphocyte stimulator: a new biomarker for multiple myeloma. European Journal of Haematology 2009;82:267-76.         [ Links ]

2. Ruiz-Arguelles G, et al. Multiple Myeloma in Mexico: A 20-Year Experience at a Single Institution. Archives of Medical Research 2004;35:163-7.         [ Links ]

3. Prasad R, et al. Non-secretory multiple myeloma presenting with diffuse sclerosis of affected bones interspersed with osteolytic lesions. British Journal of Radiology 2009;82:e29-e31.         [ Links ]

4. Richter S, Makovitzky J. Case Report: Amyloid tumors in a case of non-secretory multiple myeloma. Acta Histochemica 2006;108:221-6.         [ Links ]

5. Blade J, Kyle R. Nonsecretory myeloma, immunoglobulin D myeloma, and plasma cell leukemia. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 1999;13:1259-72.         [ Links ]

6. Kyle R Rajkumar S. Multiple myeloma. N Engl J Med 2004;351(18):1860-73.         [ Links ]

7. Kyle R, et al. Review of 1027 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Mayo Clin Proc 2003;78:21-33.         [ Links ]

8. Atesok K, et al. Treatment of pathological humeral shaft fractures with unreamed humeral nail. Annals of Surgical Oncology 2007;14(4):1493-8.         [ Links ]

9. Dijkstra S, et al. Treatment of pathological fractures of the humeral shaft due to bone metastases: a comparison of intramedullary locking nail and plate osteosynthesis with adjunctive bone cement. Eur J Surg Oncol 1996;22(6):621-6.         [ Links ]

10. Dispenzieri A, et al. International Myeloma Working Group guidelines for serum-free light chain analysis in multiple myeloma and related disorders. Leukaemia 2009;23:215-24.         [ Links ]



Dr A Visser
Senior Registrar
Department Clinical Pathology
University of Pretoria



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