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Verbum et Ecclesia

On-line version ISSN 2074-7705
Print version ISSN 1609-9982

Verbum Eccles. (Online) vol.31 n.1 Pretoria  2010 



Lewende Godsprake vir ons: Die implikasie van λόγια ζῶντα in Handelinge 7:38


Living oracles from God to us: The implication of λόγια ζῶντα in Acts 7:38



Benno A. Zuiddam

Skool vir Bybelwetenskappe & Antieke Tale, Potchefstroomkampus, Noordwes Universiteit Potchefstroom, Suid-Afrika





In what turned out to be his final sermon on earth, Stephen the Deacon used the expression λόγια ζῶντα to describe the authoritative oracles from God as the people of Israel received them from God and his angels through Moses. From a philological understanding of this passage, the use of λόγια instead of λόγοι has important implications for Bible translation and theological understanding of the verse. Acts 7:38 indicates early Christianity's understanding of the nature of the Law, and claims a divine origin for the same. It was not sanctioned by God, but it literally came from God. Luke and Stephen esteem the λόγια ζῶντα as divine oracles, with relevance far beyond Moses. These were the living oracles, not in the least because of their lasting empowerment by the Author. In the mind of the author of Acts of the Apostles, the λόγια ζῶντα received their power and lasting relevance from God rather than from the Israelites as a religious community.

Keywords: orakel; Bybel; Handelinge 7:38; bybelvertaling; openbaring



Full text available only in PDF format.




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Benno Zuiddam
110 Panorama Road
Blackstone Heights
TAS 7250

Received: 24 Feb. 2009
Accepted: 28 June 2010
Published: 10 Sept. 2010

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